2020 Associates Week
Yale Child Study Center
Poster session highlighting the latest research from investigators and trainees at the Yale Child Study Center. Click on a poster to enlarge, and please leave comments and questions under "Join the Discussion".
More info: https://medicine.yale.edu/childstudy/2020-associates-week/
Filter displayed posters (104 keywords)
Adolescents’ Emotions and Emotion Regulation during the Onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic
Rachel Baumsteiger, Cynthia Willner, Jessica Hoffmann, Christina Cipriano, Beatris Garcia, Violet Tan, and Marc Brackett
An event related potential investigation of social exclusion in fathers with and without histories of intimate partner violence
Ciara McFaul, Caroline Martin, Dr. Carla Stover, Dr. Michael Crowley, Dr. Jia Wiu, Dr. Helena Rutherford
Boys and girls show different structural brain biomarkers of disruptive behavior
Karim Ibrahim, Carla Kalvin, Fangyong Li, George He, Gregory McCarthy & Denis G. Sukhodolsky
Brain networks under frustration predicts irritability in youths
Wan-Ling Tseng, Dustin Scheinost, Javid Dadashkarimi, Ellen Leibenluft
CT Educators: SEL in Times of Uncertainty and Stress
Morgan Mannweiler, Violet Tan, Jennifer Seibyl, Rachel Baumsteiger
Deployment of a Multimedia Screening Tool for ASD in a Diverse Community Setting: Feasibility and Usability
M. Wilkinson, K. Chawarska, E. Barney, J. C. Snider, E. S. Kim, Q. Wang, Q. A. Wang, C. A. Wall, M. Kim, B. Li, M. Mademtzi, C. Foster, D. Macris, F. E. Kane-Grade, A. Milgramm, P. Heymann, E. Hilton, A. Zakin, H. Neiderman, K. Villarreal., Y. A. Ahn, M. C. Aubertine, F. Shic, & S. Macari
Objectives: To examine the feasibility, acceptability, and usability of a tablet-based multimedia screener in a diverse population of children (10-33 months) in primary pediatric care centers serving under-resourced populations.
Methods: 409 infants and toddlers were identified as potential participants. 132 (32.3%) families missed well-child appointments. Of the remaining 277 families, 56 (20.2%) were not approached (schedule conflicts, insufficient English). 221 families were invited to participate and187 enrolled (84.6%). Results: 95(51%) children were African-American, 56(30%) more than one race, 28(15%) Caucasian, and 8(4%) were Asian. 82(44%) children were Hispanic. 51(27%) were single parents. Education level for 112(60%) parents was a high school degree or less. Five usability questions covering helpfulness of videos, satisfaction with duration, and ability to understand questions, rated on a scale of 1-7, resulted in average score 6.52, suggesting YAMS is a highly usable app.
Conclusions: This study suggests challenges and successes in reaching a racially-, ethnically- and socioeconomically-diverse inner-city population. Though difficult to approach some families due to missed appointments, among participants there was high satisfaction with the YAMS screening app. Our high participation rate will allow continuation of the development process by expanding the testing into additional community settings.
Early developmental asymmetries in cell lineage trees in living individuals
Liana Fasching*, Yeongjun Jang*, Simone Tomasi, Jeremy Schreiner, Livia Tomasini, Melanie Brady, Taejeong Bae, Vivekananda Sarangi, Nikolaos Vasmatzis, Yifan Wang, Anna Szekely, Thomas V. Fernandez, James F. Leckman, Alexej Abyzov and Flora M. Vaccarino
Engaging Adolescent’s in Home- Based Treatment: An Action Research Study
Krystal Finch, DSW, LCSW
Genetic Contribution of Copy-Number Variation to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Sarah B. Abdallah, Emily Olfson, Thomas V. Fernandez
How can zebrafish help us to understand genetic and biological mechanisms in autism spectrum disorders?
Hellen Weinschutz Mendes, Tianying Chen, Sundas Ijaz, Christina Szi, Catalina Sakai, Jeffrey Eilbott, Brent Vander Wyk, Ellen J. Hoffman
Integrating clinical and research training in child psychiatry: fifteen-year outcomes from a federally supported program
Amanda Calhoun, Michael H. Bloch, Dorothy Stubbe, James F. Leckman, Andres Martin
Investigating the Neurobiology of Fathers with Histories of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in response to Infant Distress
Ellie Baker, Ciara McFaul, Jia Wu, Ivett Karina Sandoval, Michael J. Crowley, Helena Rutherford, Carla Stover
Let's talk about sex, doc: Video-based examples of sexual health conversations help CAPs help kids
Linda Drozdowicz, Elisabeth Gordon, Desiree Shapiro, Isheeta Zalpuri, Colin Stewart, Edwin Williamson, Andrés Martin
Minding the Baby® Home Visiting: Health, Attachment, Parenting, and Child Mental Health Outcomes
Arietta Slade, PhD; Lois S. Sadler, PhD, RN; Crista Marchesseault, MAT, MA
Mother’s Milk Cortisol Predicts Brain Growth and Cognitive Development in Rhesus Monkeys
Amanda M. Dettmer, Jerrold S. Meyer, Katie Hinde
Motivation Improves Working Memory by Shaping Neural Signals in the Prefrontal and Parietal Cortex
Youngsun T. Cho, Flora Moujaes, Charles H. Schleifer, Martina Starc, Jie Lisa Ji, Nicole Santamauro, Brendan Adkinson, Antonija Kolobaric, Morgan Flynn, John H. Krystal, John D. Murray, Grega Repovs, Alan Anticevic
Negative Emotional Reactivity, Effortful Control, and Self Regulatory Strategies in Toddlers with ASD
N. Powell, M. Butler, E. Yhang, C. Nutor, C. D. Gershman, K. Joseph, H. Feiner, D. Goncalves Fortes, S. Macari, A. Vernetti, K. Chawarska, K. Powell
Parental Regulation of Frontoamygdala Circuitry is Associated with Family Accommodation in Pediatric Anxiety
Cristina Nardini*, Sadie Zacharek*, Hannah Spencer, Paola Odriozola, Alyssa Martino, Tess Anderson, Grace Hommel, Carla Marin , Wendy Silverman, Eli Lebowitz**, Dylan Gee**
Neuroimaging data from the first 19 clinically anxious children (ages 6-12) who served as participants of a larger ongoing clinical trial. The Family Accommodations Scale-Anxiety (FASA) was used to assess the extent of family accommodation. To evaluate the influence of maternal presence on child fear regulation, children completed two runs of a fearful faces task in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanner: once alone and once in the presence of their mother (condition order counterbalanced across participants).
Linear mixed-effects analysis showed significant associations between higher levels of family accommodation and the impact of maternal presence on child ventromedial prefrontal cortex activation (p = 0.014) to fearful faces. Specifically, children who experienced higher levels of family accommodation showed a greater reduction in amygdala reactivity and stronger frontoamygdala connectivity in the presence of their mother (relative to her absence).
Developing more effective forms of interventions specifically tailored to children is an urgent need, as current evidence-based treatments have not been uniformly effective. These novel findings enhance our understanding of the neural pathways through which caregivers modulate children’s fear and suggest a model for how anxious children may become dependent upon family accommodation. These results can inform the development of alternative parent-based treatment interventions to improve independent fear regulation in anxious children.
Pivoting in the pandemic: a qualitative study of child and adolescent psychiatrists in the times of COVID-19
Madeline DiGiovanni, Indigo Weller, MS, MFA, Andrés Martin, MD, MPH
Racial Congruence and Teacher Well-Being
Annette Ponnock, Nadja Umlauf, James Floman
Retinoic Acid Regulates the Development of Prefrontal-Thalamus Connectivity
Kartik Pattabiraman MD, PhD; Mikihito Shibata PhD; Belen Galdos Lorente PhD; David Andrijevic MD; Navjot Kaur PhD; Andre Sousa PhD; Nenad Sestan MD, PhD
Statewide Implementation of Fathers for Change (F4C)
Carla S. Stover, Ph.D., Rebecca Beebe, Ph.D. Megan Clough
Surveillance Bias in Child Protective Services Reporting by Home Visitors
Margaret L. Holland, Rose M. Taylor, John M. Leventhal, Denise A. Esserman
The association between autistic traits, executive function and emotion knowledge in preschoolers
Abi Eveleigh, MRes; Craig Bailey, PhD; Irem Korucu, PhD
The effects of prenatal stress on neural responses to infant cries in expectant mothers and fathers
Amanda F. Lowell, PhD, Sarah Peoples, MRes, Madison Bunderson, BS, Cody Bartz, BS, & Helena J.V. Rutherford, PhD
Trajectories of highly dependent adult children: a retrospective study
Uri Berger and Eli Lebowitz
Treatments for Childhood Anxiety Reduce Anxiety Sensitivity
Cristina Nardini, Carla Marin, Wendy Silverman, Eli Lebowitz
Participants were 97 children (ages 7-14 years) with a primary DSM-5 anxiety disorder enrolled in a randomized clinical trial for childhood anxiety. Participants were randomized to either 12 weeks of individual CBT or 12 weeks of a novel, parent based treatment for childhood anxiety, Supportive Parenting for Anxious Childhood Emotions (SPACE). The Child Anxiety Sensitivity Index was used to assess AS before and after treatment.
Anxiety sensitivity scores significantly decreased from pre- to post-treatment collapsing across both treatment arms. The analysis controlled for baseline levels of child anxiety severity, child age, and child sex. There were no significant differences in AS reduction between CBT and SPACE.
The present study addressed the need to examine the impact of child anxiety treatments on AS in children with anxiety disorders. These novel findings, showing similar significant reductions in AS following SPACE and CBT, highlight that these cognitive-behavioral and parent-based interventions are effective at reducing ancillary symptoms that typically heighten anxiety.
Using Digital Parenting Program to Improve Access to Treatment for Pediatric Irritability
Sonia N. Rowley, Andrea Diaz-Stransky, David Grodberg, Denis G. Sukhodolsky
Whole-exome sequencing in childhood anxiety disorders identifies de novo damaging variants
Emily Olfson, MD PhD, Grace Hommel, BS, Eli Lebowitz, PhD, Wendy Silverman, PhD ABPP, Thomas Fernandez, MD